Who should be screened for cervical cancer?
Any women who is sexually active! Target population for screening is women aged 25 to 49 years, although women aged 50-65 years are still at risk of cervical cancer and there should therefore receive screening. Screening interval is 5years among women tested negative for HIV and every year for women who are HIV positive.
How is the screening procedure?
- VIA – Visual Inspection with Acetic acid (or vinegar at 5%)
- VILI- Visual Inspection with Logul’s Iodine (done after VIA)
- Papnicouloa Test (Pap smear) where cell samples are collected from the cervix and smeared on the slide and preserved with a solution then labeled for observation under the microscope by a cytologist
- HPV DNA test: where samples are collected to examine for high risks HPV (16 and 18)
VIA and VILI results are read on the spot as negative, positive for pre-cancer or suspicious for cancer
PAP Test and HPV Test take a while like one week to get the results read as negative, positive for high grade lesion and suspicious for cancer.